Thoughts on the joy of life and some exercises to increase it.

Thoughts on the joy of life and some exercises to

increase it.

If you feel that you are not entirely happy yet, it is probably because all things are not yet your will. That is the weakest quality of happiness – conditionality. Happiness means conditional joy from something or someone: “I am happy when I receive it. I’m happy when I achieve that. I’m happy to meet someone like that. I’m happy to solve this shit. “All of these statements contain an “if I…” condition.

But above all, the requirements should be the joy of life instead. The joy of life is something so simple and basic that it usually goes unnoticed because we suffocate it with conditionality. The joy of living does not mean the happiness that comes with some achievements, but simply the pleasure of living for oneself. The joy of life is above all our goals, dreams, and hopes – it is pure joy that we are still alive.

How to experience the joy of life?

The first thing after waking up is realizing that I exist. We always go to bed alone. And we always wake up alone. There is no conditionality in sleeping and waking up. No matter how much I love another person, and no matter how much I don’t want to be with him, I have to give him up every night. I fall asleep, I lose consciousness, and I am entirely alone.

Precisely the same things happen when you wake up. When I wake up, I’m alone. A few moments later, I remember what is happening in my life, and accordingly, I create the first state of the day. When I am all right in life, I have good thoughts, and I am happy. However, if I have problems and something is missing, I will remember them, and I may be sad again. Again, this conditionality.

But the joy of life exists before the first thought, before conditionality. That is the moment when you wake up and realize that you are still alive. It is the pure joy of being placed in us by nature itself. For example, watch children or animals when they wake up. They are so direct and cheerful that they have “revived.” They seem to be born again every morning. Animals are not at all, but children are not yet. They cannot abuse their mentality towards themselves – animals do not have worries, and children do not have concerns yet. That is why they can experience the pure joy of living so directly.

No one can stop us from experiencing it either. It exists. That is our most fundamental condition.

The triumph of positive psychology

If we decide to live the life of an average person, we must find ways to enjoy life. However, there are few enlightened Buddhas who have risen above their desires and desires in the world. As ordinary people, we must seek joy through some other means. We may realize that the joy of life exists, but even 99.99% of the people who work all their lives to achieve this state still leave this world clinging and suffering.

A year ago, there was a significant breakthrough in psychology. Namely, so far, people studied psychology to bring “sunk” individuals back to normal. That means that science had mapped out how an average person behaves, and psychology, therefore, looked for ways to help those individuals who had fallen below that limit of normalcy.

However, the pioneers of positive psychology – Phil Stone, Ellen Langer, and Tal Ben-Shahar – noticed that some people have fallen below average and need psychology. Some people are above normal, achieving much better results at work and private life, and living thereby significantly better life. They became more and more interested in what these “special” people do differently. They have torn beyond the bounds of normalcy and thus enjoy a better quality of life. In this way, a new direction of psychology began. Which did quickly christened “positive psychology.” And under the name of which thousands of scientific studies have done over the last 20 years on how positivity and zest for life help achieve better results.

Positive psychology was about as groundbreaking in science as Copernicus’ discovery that the Earth revolves around the Sun, not the other way around. Similarly, for several hundred years, that thought that happiness revolves around success: go to a good school, get a good job, make a career, get rich, and then happiness comes. However, positive psychology has refuted this claim through its research, saying instead: be cheerful, optimistic, and happy, thereby increasing your capacity by up to 30%, as a result of which you will achieve success both at work and in private life. Worth a try, isn’t it?

Positivity is in everyone’s own hands.

Another significant discovery did make in the early 1990s. This time, not by psychologists, but by brain scientists. Who discovered that the human neuron structure (brain) could reprogram itself for the rest of its life, not just until the age of twenty, as previously thought.

When we combine these two discoveries – above average, several very cheerful people achieve much more. And the brain’s ability to reprogram itself regardless of age – we come to fascinating facts:

Fact 1. No matter what kind of person you have considered yourself to be, you can change that.

Fact 2. By making yourself a more positive and cheerful person, you will achieve much better results both at work and in your private life. You are happier, you have a better relationship, and you enjoy life more.

How to increase the joy of life?

In the light of the above, the question of one million euros, both literally and indirectly, arises: “How to increase the joy of life to live a better private life and enjoy better results at work?”

Below I will share with you five straightforward techniques that will help you be more positive and thus reprogram your brain and enjoy a better life in the long run.

Joy Exercise 1: Think of something positive.
Keep your thoughts on something positive that is coming into your life. For example, you plan to go on a trip in two weeks, or already this Friday, for a violent birthday. Think about these events. Studies have shown that people who think only of their favorite movie increased their body’s production of the happiness hormone endorphin by 27% – they were 27% happier at the time than usual.

Joy Exercise 2: Do something good

Conscious and ego-free good deed raises our feeling very much. One study involving more than 2,000 people showed that people who decided to say or do something nice to someone three times a day felt significantly more positive in the following weeks than before.

Joy Exercise 3: Meditate
Researchers have discovered that monks and Yogis have meditated. For decades have a much more advanced frontal lobe, the most critical “center of happiness” in humans than ordinary humans. However, it is not necessary to meditate for ten years to create a positive state of mind. Studies show that 5-15 minutes a day is enough to lower our stress levels and make us feel more positive and empathetic.

Joy Exercise 4. Do a little physical exercise
It has long stood that physical exercise produces the happiness hormone endorphin in our body, making us feel good and optimistic. However, research in recent years has shown that regular exercise significantly reduces the risk of relapse after depression. In one study, both medication and practice were used to combat depression, with 38% of those taking medication relapsed after six months, but only 9% of those taking the training.

Joy Exercise 5. Allow yourself a beautiful experience
If you like shopping, you know how good it feels. However, the pleasure of regular shopping is very short-lived. However, spending our money not on things but exciting experiences significantly increases our level of happiness. A study of 150 people found that people who decided to spend money on adventures, concerts, etc. Experienced substantially more joy over some time than those who paid the same money on things like clothes or electronics.

It is up to you whether you use these exercises or not. Positive psychology shows that the joy of life “overcomes” stress and depression. Which team do you choose?


The importance of setting goals to relax.

The importance of setting goals to relax.

After a few days off, I want to take another day off. We are not always talking about some extraordinary event that disturbed the peace on Saturday and Sunday. Some people go to work Mondays vigorously and during those weeks as if they are not tired at all.

What is their secret, and what interferes with everyone else’s proper rest? What prevents us from relaxing?

Many do not even suspect that they need to learn to rest. Why study when, after a hard day’s work, it’s so lovely to flop on the couch in front of the TV? Make something delicious, with beer or wine, TV shows or the Internet – what else does needed for happiness? On the weekends, you have to do what you can’t do on the weekends, and then it’s time to pull the strap on again. That is when there are no children. And then there’s no time to turn around. What kind of vacation is it? Live to see the break.

To rest and relax properly, you need to know what prevents us from doing so. And surprisingly, the main enemy is not the lack of free time, but:

Boredom and monotony

Itching and tingling and searching for new sensations

Faith in alcohol help

Lack of daily routine

All of the above hurts a good holiday, makes a holiday in the countryside a season of hard work, a tourist trip to race to the sights makes one evening indistinguishable from another.

The lack of new impressions and their abundance are closely linked. Boredom occurs where nothing is exciting. The diversity of information becomes boring at some point. Alcohol, which has a short effect on the nervous system, gradually increases nervousness and does not allow for complete relaxation. There is no need to explain and work without a break after going to bed after midnight until your feet transfer to your favorite chair.

How do you learn to relax?

The purpose of the holiday is to make up for the missing. Only in this sense can it be resisted. After all, complete idleness is even more tiring than physical work. Here are some tips on how to learn to rest and relax, enjoy your vacation, and, as they say, take a deep breath.

Filling in the missing

Conditionally, we can distinguish between the physical, mental, and emotional (or spiritual) components of our body that need recovery. At the same time, congestion in one area always causes fatigue.

After intense intellectual work or a period of emotional burnout, physical activity gives new strength. The so-called muscle joy arises from the fact that the blood runs more actively throughout the body, improving physical condition. And relaxation after muscle tension is what is so lacking at the end of the workday. When you start learning a foreign language, you can add food to your senses, and movies, books, trips, and pleasant communication add new feelings.

Balancing all three parts provides the necessary strength. And to do that, don’t forget the following rule.

Don’t get tired!

The call is not strange at all. There is no point in leading yourself to complete exhaustion. By following the proper work and rest regime, a person will remain more energetic and productive, no matter what they do. It is essential not only to have a healthy night’s sleep but also to break into working hours. It is enough to walk down the hallway or go outside, distract from the white screen office programs or sit for an hour in the sun in the shade. If you remove at least 5-10 minutes from what you had to work on for an hour, you will have the opportunity to take a fresh look at the problem, notice a random error.

If there is no way to leave the workplace, an excellent way to relax is by viewing photos while working online, reading, and solving crossword puzzles for more physically busy employees. This course change is perceived better by the body than a break from smoking or drinking tea. Just get up from behind your desk and talk to a colleague.

How to learn to relax psychologically

To learn to relax psychologically, you need to stop rushing. The constant feeling of lack of time is more stressful than dragging bags. Everyone who wants to get extra lessons in their life requires planning their things and strictly following them. But just as important is the ability to turn off the alarm clock, stop living the clock, not worry about doing something later or not doing it at all.

This rule is significant for those who decide to travel to new places. You can’t drive around all of Paris in one day, and once you’ve reached a foreign city, it’s best to see a small part of it. Running from one museum to another is a little different from browsing the site’s pages. Is it worth leaving home for that? Is such a holiday pleasure, or is it just a sign of a visit?

How to relax after work

Full leave is only for hospital patients, but none of us want to become hospital patients. However, an active holiday, dancing, swimming, or other physical activity will help you both relax after work and keep your health in check. There is always a benefit to contact with nature, to disperse the urban way of life. Hiking or fishing with friends, playing with children on the beach, or cycling make up for the townspeople’s lack of movement, distracting them from busy days and everyday thoughts.

Decent sleep and rest

Stop being emperor! The historical story that Julius Caesar could do seven things at once shows that in the old days, the ability to hold several points of attention at a time was a rarity. IN the modern world, it’s natural to listen to music, talk to someone on the phone, watch the news, play with a cat, grab a tea and cook dinner, without forgetting to look at your favorite series while looking at the TV screen.

This type of multitasking does not have a positive effect on the body. The fact is that as you get used to the load, the brain loses the ability to focus on one thing. This condition is similar to an attention deficit disorder and makes it harder to work with – and no less than anything else.

A hot bath at the end of the day, meditation, reading, and listening to music is the best way to regain lost concentration. Learn to disconnect from unnecessary things, relax calmly, develop a proper sleep and rest regime, and not interrupt it. In the end, only you can decide for yourself what to spend your free time on.

All tips on resting well seem to eliminate your favorite TV shows or sitting behind your computer. Of course, you don’t have to lose it completely. Just everything should be in moderation. And if lying on the couch helps you relax, why not take a good walk after an hour?

Three votes
In the daily cycle of events and problems, each person needs to rest from time to time, completely relax, move away from oppressive thoughts, forget all worries, and enjoy life. Unfortunately, not all people know the art of relaxation. Most of us are so used to living in eternal stress that even in those minutes, when it seems like nothing crazy is happening, we can’t completely free ourselves from anxiety.

What does the inability to relax lead to you?
What happens to us in times of constant psychological stress? There’s nothing good! Stress hormone negatively affects the functioning of all the body’s internal systems; respiratory rhythm is disturbed, less oxygen is supplied to organs. And tissues than needed, headaches occur, blood pressure drops. The nervous system does deplete sick and exhausted people. Do you need it? Hey! Then read below for our tips on how to learn to relax mentally and physically.

How do you learn to relax quickly?
Method number

1. Healthy sleep

Complete and high-quality sleep is the key to a successful day, good mood, pep. That is the most important thing each of us can do to normalize our psychological and physical condition. A healthy body, given the opportunity to sleep usually, can control the process of alternating relaxation and tension during the day.

Think about what prevents you from falling asleep quickly and sleeping all night properly? Maybe it’s not a very comfortable pillow or mattress or a cat trying to lose asleep in your head, or perhaps a monotonous ticking clock or tap water is preventing you from diving into the world of dreams? Create maximum comfort, ventilate the bedroom, pull the curtains forward, take a warm bath with aromatic oils, drink tea with honey and herbs. And most importantly, try to get rid of all anxious thoughts, read a book before going to bed, or complete your marital duties.

Method number 2. Exercise

Not sure how to relieve stress and learn to relax psychologically? There is an easy way – gymnastics. Doing yoga, gymnastics, swimming, cycling, jogging in the fresh air, or training in the gym is equally suitable for clearing your head and negative emotions. It is enough to spend only an hour of your time feeling light and psychologically comfortable again. And for the lazy, we emphasize that even walking is enough to get rid of stressful stress.

Method number 3. Handicrafts

Many young mothers on maternity leave often have some form of craft. During the day, all the free time remains dedicated to the children; they engage in creativity closer to the night when they sleep with their teeth by the wall. Does it look like they haven’t worked all day? Let’s go on vacation! But no, they sew, weave, weave. And all because nothing helps like crafts to really rest and fully relax. Fortunately, there are no problems now learning anything. The Internet is full of video tutorials on any subject. And when you feel the most muscular fatigue, anxiety, and oppressive tension, do some interesting little things, rejoice in the result, and immediately see how your mood and emotional mood change.

Method number 4. Pets

Not sure how to learn to relax psychologically? Get yourself a cat, dog, hamster, or fish. Playing at home or on the street with your beloved pet is a great way to pamper yourself, recharge with positive emotions, and relax. Even if you watch the animal or pat it, you can calm down and distract from disturbing thoughts.

Method number 5. Books

A fascinating book is the best helper for those who can’t get rid of emotional stress. You dive into the world invented by the author of the work; you immediately disconnect your problems and worries. And during the reading, all the verbal mechanisms start working, helping to rest and forget well. I listen to a lot of audiobooks on YouTube.


Sonus complete for tinnitus medication.

Sonus complete for tinnitus medication.

When I started researching this Sonus Complete product, I discovered that behind this product is real flesh and the bone person who for many years suffered from Tinnitus and tried to get help from many sides.

However, he did not find help anywhere. He worked in a library where books and research—gathered books and restarts with a medical background. Then, after a very unpleasant incident, he began to investigate what was going on.


These are his own words.

Almost three years ago, I held a gun in my head, ready to fire my brains, while my whole family watched in horror.

It was my 53rd birthday party, and the ringing in my ears was so excruciatingly loud that when my wife and children started singing “happy birthday,… I lost it completely.

I went straight to the lower-left drawer, pulled out my secret Glock 29, and read 3, 2, 1

But the last time I looked into my son’s tears, my hand began to shake so hard that I dropped my gun.

The moon went dangerously near my wife’s cheek and went through the ceiling.

Of course, I never wanted to scare my family like that.

And I NEVER forgive myself for taking this nightmare scene.

But it was this exact moment that sent me on a completely unexpected 2-year journey through a multi-billion dollar pharmaceutical industry controlled by the government and elite societies in a dark stomach.

And finally, I will guide you to discover a completely natural and inexpensive method that will allow you to clean your hearing again.

Hi, my name is Gregory Peters, and the incredible story you hear is 100% true.

How MENSA members together with government officials sneak rid of tinnitus and recharge their brains.

And how exactly it will help you FINALLY achieve a worthy peace of mind in less than three weeks from today.

So as you know, my name is Gregory Peters.

I am 56 years old and live in a small town near Stanford, California.

I have now been a medical librarian at one of the largest universities in the United States for over 30 years.

Medical librarians do quite a lot of what a typical librarian does, with one crucial exception: Â We work with health-related materials.

That’s why I often meet and help hundreds of brilliant doctors, students, and experts in alternative medicine with their research.

Not only that, but I’ve seen some medical breakthroughs and seen life-changing treatments

Of course, none of them are comparable to tinnitus medicine that I will tell you right away.

It all started ten years ago, on Saturday, when I drank morning coffee in the kitchen.

This crippling noise came from somewhere.

I first assumed it was the fridge is broken or something because it was pretty old.

But it wasn’t a refrigerator or anything else around the house.

And although I prayed to God, there was no noise from outside.

It was like the sound of a train braking on the rails, the sound of metal or iron, and it was stuck in my ears, no matter where I went.

After three days, I was already starting to sneak out. I couldn’t sleep well; I couldn’t concentrate, let alone the horrible glances I got from my wife and children when I asked, “Can’t you hear that?”

I’ve heard and read about tinnitus before but refused to believe it was severe, thinking it was just a temporary ear infection.

But after living for four weeks with this horrible ring in my head, I finally decided to go to the doctor, ready to do everything I could to get rid of it.

When he reached the doctor and did send to do all sorts of tests, the endless waits in the corridors of the hospital gave him no answers, but the doctor prescribed him sedatives and antidepressants and shrugged. Help nowhere.


He went home and couldn’t sleep that night and always wondered what to do next when he went to work the next day then realized that he was sitting in the middle of the library where all the medical research and medical books are available. He summed up, which is why he still whistled in his ears and started his research work.

Namely, he finally found one study work that became his savior. He called several neurosurgeons and sent countless emails, but no answer seemed to come.


Steven Campbell was the man who answered him and told him what was going on.

One of the most respected brain specialists answered my call.

This man, Dr. Steven Campbell, was a GENIUS … and I’m not saying this simply because he was a REAL, certified genius, a member of the famous IQ organization MENSA.

His IQ was 159, which is only one point lower than Einstein’s IQ

Honestly, I was a little scared and embarrassed because he was one of the doctors who consulted with me after my suicide attempt to see if I could still work.

But I forgot everything when he said.

“I know how you can solve your problem.

I suggested meeting in the university dining room, but to my surprise, Steven said he would prefer our discussion on the medical campus.

His request was a little strange, but I didn’t think much of it … if he had asked me to meet in the middle of a dessert, I would have liked it!

So we were there, in a small restaurant outside Stanford, and I was so anxious that I could barely breathe.

When Dr. Campbell finally started talking, he did so quietly, almost as if he was afraid someone would hear us.

And after learning his startling secret, I understood why.

He told me he had had tinnitus for YEARS.

And early symptoms of memory loss.

But that he would have overcome all this with a top-secret protocol known only to MENSA members and government officials.

You see. MENSA members are the most intelligent people on the planet, coming from all walks of life, including medicine, the military, politics, science, and technology. Together, they are the government’s most powerful resource.

Think about it now. You have the best “gray matter” on the planet, so do you want something like tinnitus or memory loss that would make it useless?

No. You want these powerful brains to be in perfect shape and more.

That’s why some of the brightest ideas in medicine and science and a government-funded unique formula that wasn’t just for stopping tinnitus – a symptom of brain disease – came together.

But it would also protect their intelligence from all kinds of brain disorders and even increase IQ.

“Why do you think many people end up in MENSA at all? To get access to this treatment, at least that’s why I’ve joined it,” he told me.

Every time Dr. Campbell saw a desperate case of tinnitus like mine, he felt guilty.

This top-secret formula is only available to 3% of the population. Apart from the MENSA brain, only members of the government, politicians, officials of large corporations, and heads of state knew about it.

Hearing all this made my blood boil. No wonder I almost screamed.

“Why isn’t it released? All ten Americans have tinnitus; their lives are a living hell, many of them are severely depressed and thinking about suicide!”

Dr. Campbell explained to me very clearly.

Big Pharma’s controlled tinnitus and memory loss industry reach $ 25 billion. Not to mention all those fancy supplements that can increase your brain potential or all the expensive headache medications.

How does it work, and why does it work so incredibly well?

Pay attention immediately, as the following information comes from a top-secret medical study that is not accessible to the general public:

Here is a brief and detailed explanation of all the secret ingredients used and how they work.

After intensive laboratory testing, they are 100% effective ONLY in this formula, specially calculated and adjusted to give the best possible result against tinnitus and brain damage.

STEP 1: Your hearing will become apparent as the brain networks heal and the nervous system calms down.

So your tinnitus is driving you crazy, and you can’t stand it for a moment. MENSA researchers have chosen hibiscus and hawthorn as the “first aid duo” to lower the sound from the first days.

That is because this emergency team repairs rapidly buzzing brain networks. Hibiscus also “cools” the entire nervous system, while the hazel berry sweeps panic attacks.

There are 232 species of hibiscus and over 1,000 hazel berries, but only one of each species can soothe tinnitus so quickly.

STEP 2: Restore your quiet mind as your brain networks strengthen and become indestructible.

Inserting the olive leaves may take a little longer, but this is one ingredient that will make the tinnitus run while helping your brain networks become more robust than steel.

Not only that but as several laboratory tests have shown, olive leaves also act as a ruthless double defendant. A guardian of the brain protects him from fatal problems and a guardian of the ears who protects them from infections.

STEP 3: If your damaged brain cells do repair quickly, your memory will be stronger than ever.

Niacin or B3 is vital for every part of the body because it has an incredible power to repair DNA.

Because your brain networks were “broken,” your brain cells did not connect properly, resulting in considerable damages that dramatically increased the risk of memory loss.

However, niacin makes it impossible to repair YEARS of brain damage.

After ten days of treatment, patients with severe memory loss began to recover their memory, and their thinking and behavior improved significantly.

Adding garlic strengthens your memory and fights dementia.

That is also the phase when you say goodbye to fatigue, sleepless nights, dizziness, and cerebral palsy.

STEP 4: As the cells recover, you will feel that your brain does overcharge.

That is when your mind begins to become superpowers.

Vitamins B12, B6, and Buchu leaves are like steroids for the brain. As you age, your brain becomes smaller. But not with these three ingredients, as they grow your brain, ignite connections, and help rejuvenate cells.

The brain of “tinnitus” that made you a vegetable can become more than ten years younger, and you think faster, better, more transparent.

STEP 5: Don’t worry about tinnitus and brain damage anymore because your brain is training for perfect health.

Finally, MENSA researchers found that the formula protects the brain from tinnitus, memory loss, or other debilitating conditions by combining green tea, juniper berries, uva, ursi, and vitamin C.

When juniper berries and uva ursi cleanse your brain of toxins, green tea helps to multiply nerve connections, and vitamin C protects tinnitus, memory loss, and tumors.

The rules of “old age,” where your mind and memory begin to fall, remain so far from this point. Another thing that makes the formula unique: all the ingredients had to come from the purest sources and in the most effective forms. Only in this way can they quickly enter the brain and be absorbed almost immediately.

Initially, Dr. Campbell was afraid to share this top secret, which could easily fight tinnitus in a few days.

And I understood why this unique formula, used by only a select few, was never meant to be distributed to the general public.

But because he couldn’t see as many desperate cases of tinnitus as I did when he knew a more accessible way out and because he was ready to retire and leave MENSA, Dr. Campbell agreed to do the impossible.

As far as I was looking, I did not find any contraindications to this supplement, and there were no age restrictions anywhere. 100% natural and pesticide-free.

They have to offer packages at different prices.

One pottle is total 69 $

Three bottles are total 59/ 177 $

Six pottles is is total 49/ 294 $ 30% discount


Why we make bad decisions in our lives.

Why we make bad decisions in our lives.

This answer could begin with the following sentence because every person I know wants to know the formula for happiness. It is quite natural that a person wants to be happy, but why do we still act against our wishes. Is it human? Great, yes, I say.

If you quote Thomas Hobbs, then we all know what the formula for happiness is. I have known since time immemorial that our most significant ancestor has been the survival formula. According to him, life was brutally lonely, dirty, very poor, and shirt. Mortality was high, and 70% of people did not reach the age of majority, which meant that the only purpose of life was to survive in the evening.

Since then, there have been several revolutions in human development, first in agriculture, then industrial, and last in technological development. Why then are we not happy and think about the things we had 10,000 years ago and how much we have evolved, yet we are sometimes unhappy and cannot allow everything we want and make bad decisions.

However, the answer to this is quite the same: we are all someone’s mother’s fathers, sisters, brothers, grandmothers, colleagues, friends, and so on. Each has their own opinion about being happy and the opinion that we know what makes us happy. And I can say for sure that your mother and friends may not know precisely what makes you happy.

General reasons for making wrong decisions.

How many decisions do you think you will make in the average day? Ten? Hundreds, maybe? Psychologists believe that the number is actually in the thousands. Some of these decisions have a significant impact on our lives (such as going to college, getting married, or having children), while others are relatively minor (such as a ham or turkey sandwich for lunch).

Some of these options turn out to be good (you choose a college that leads to a successful career), while others are not so good.

If you look at yourself in your life and think about some of the poor choices you have made, you may be wondering why you made a decision that seems as foolish as you feel now. Why did you marry someone who was all wrong to you? Why did you buy a too expensive boat when you have four children and need a much larger vehicle? What did you mean when you bought those terrible earrings jeans last fall?

While you are likely to continue to make bad decisions, you can gain a deeper understanding of their sometimes unfair choices. You may help make poor choices in the future by making better choices and knowing how these processes work and affect your thinking.

Why using internal shortcuts sometimes leads to a wrong choice.

If we had to think about every possible scenario for every possible decision, we probably wouldn’t be able to do much work a day. To make decisions quickly and economically, our brains rely on several cognitive shortcuts known as heuristics. These psychological rules allow us to make decisions fairly quickly and often quite accurately, but they can also lead to incomprehensible thinking and bad decisions.

One example of this is a vile little spiritual shortcut called anchoring prejudices. In many different situations, people use the initial starting point as anchors, which are then adjusted to obtain a final value estimate. For example, if you buy a house and know that homes in your destination neighborhood typically sell for $ 358,000 at an average price, you would probably use that figure to start negotiating the purchase price of the house of your choice.

So, what can you do to minimize the impact of these heuristic potential negative impacts on your decisions? Experts believe that just their awareness can help. Deviations in anchor adjustments can help to identify various possible estimates. So when you buy a new car, offer reasonable prices rather than focusing on the overall average price of a particular vehicle. If you know that a new SUV costs anywhere between $ 27,000 and $ 32,000 for the size and features you want, you can make a better decision about how much to offer for a particular vehicle.

Anchoring effect that brings you out of bad decisions.

The anchoring effect is cognitive bias, i.e., a person’s natural ability to stick to the first information (anchor) when making decisions. That can be, for example, the price of a product/service or some other arbitrary (numerical) quantity. Anchorage and stereotypes about someone or something can also be considered anchoring.

In 1974, Amos Tversky and Daniel Kahneman were the first to describe the anchoring effect in more detail. According to them, the anchoring result is the disproportionate effect of the initial value on the decision-maker.

Amos Tversky and Daniel Kahneman conducted a survey asking respondents to answer what percentage of UN countries are African countries. Before that, however, participants had to pull a lottery wheel with numbers from zero to one hundred (0-100). The lottery wheel always stopped at specific predetermined numbers (e.g., 10 or 65 for one group of subjects). When the bike stopped, people asked if they thought the percentage of African countries was above or below the number on the bike, and then they were asked to give an exact percentage estimate. The median score for people whose stopwatch stopped at number 10 was 25%, while the median score for those whose stopwatch stopped at 65 was 45%. Here is a classic example of how a person is “anchored” to the information received first or very close to that information.

We are perhaps more familiar with these terms of reference, which reads 1 + 1ón 2. The children of kindergarten already know this. But for some reason, in our adult lives, we tend to rationalize this simple fact very often.

Terrible comparisons that lead to wrong choices.

How do you know you just bought a lot on this digital tablet? Or how do you know the price paid per gallon in the grocery store was fair? Benchmarking is one of the main tools for decision-making. You see the price of a regular tablet or a gallon of milk, so you can compare deals to find the best possible price. We gave a value depending on how the objects do compare to others.

But what happens when you make wrong comparisons? Or if the elements you are comparing your choices to are not representative or equivalent? Think about it – how far would you go from saving your way to $ 25?

If I tell you that you can save $ 25 by 75 euros on a 15-minute drive, you’re likely to do so. But when I tell you you can save $ 25 on a $ 10,000 item, are you still ready to save money? In most cases, people are less willing to travel to save money on a more expensive item. Why? Twenty-five dollars is still worth the same amount in both cases.

In such cases, you have just fallen victim to an erroneous comparison. Because you compare the amount you save, you pay; $ 25 seems much better than comparing it to a 75-cent item when it’s comparable to a $ 10,000 thing.

When making decisions, we often make quick comparisons without thinking about our choices. To avoid bad decisions, the logic of options and thoughtful investigation can sometimes be more important than relying on your immediate “gut response.

Bad decisions that are too optimistic.

Surprisingly, people are naturally born with optimism, which can hinder decision-making. In one exciting study, researcher Tali Sharot asked participants that they thought the probability was that several unpleasant events would occur – such as a robbery or the onset of a final illness. After the subjects had made their predictions, the researchers informed them of the actual probabilities.

When people tell that something is wrong and expectations are lower. They tend to adjust their forecasts to match the latest data. When they discover that something terrible happens to be much greater than estimated, they tend to ignore the newest information. For example, if a person predicts that the death rate from smoking cigarettes is only 5 percent, but then it is said that the actual risk of death is 25 percent, then people are likely to ignore new information and keep their existing knowledge.

Part of this overly optimistic view stems from our natural tendency to think that bad things happen to other people, but not to me. When we hear something that has happened to another person or is unpleasant, we often tend to find things that they could have done to cause the problem. This tendency to blame the victims protects us from acknowledging that we are as tragic and receptive as anyone.

Sharot refers to this as an optimistic prejudice or tendency to overestimate the likelihood of good events occurring while underestimating the probability of bad events. He suggests that this does not necessarily mean believing that things will magically get better, but instead of trusting our ability to manage good things.

What is the impact of this optimism on the decisions we make? Because we may be too optimistic about our abilities and prospects, we are more likely to believe that our choices are the best. Experts may warn that smoking, sitting, or overeating sugar can kill, but our optimistic prejudices lead us to believe that it usually kills other people, not us.